top of page

Product Description

 

How do three highly different nations, with varying definitions of national interest, relate to each other? Harold G. Marcus here describes how, in the 1940s, Ethiopia viewed Great Britain as a potential colonizer and invited United States intervention as a counter. The British Foreign Office regarded Ethiopia as a "native state" on the periphery of its imperial interests in the Middle East, and actively sought to transfer primacy in Addis Ababa to its American ally, whose geo-politics interests in the region appeared congruent with Britain's. The United States had its own reasons for intervening in Ethiopia: it was concerned about the post-war economic order and wanted to break British economic hegemony in the Middle East; it sought landing rights for American airlines; and it wanted to demonstrate its interest in post-war reconstruction. From 1943-1974 America and Ethiopia had a donor-recipient relationship. Until the Korean War and the rise of Nasser in Egypt, American aid was spasmodic. Thereafter, Washington's geo-political strategies worked in Ethiopia's favor: she was able to obtain sovereignty over Eritrea, and she won important economic, technical, and military assistance, in return for which the United States obtai